Measure Your Kitchen
good kitchen design depends on accurate measurements. First, decide
what you need, what you
want and what you'd like to keep and incorporate in your new kitchen.
Then, help organize your
thoughts and make it easier for others to understand your ideas
by drawing a preliminary room outline
and floor plan. They don't have to be works of art, just clear
overhead sketches of your new kitchen.
Step 1 - Tools needed
25 Foot metal tape measure
Graph paper (use the attached grid)
Pencil and paper
of the first things you will need to know about your room are
the dimensions. If you are
building, your builder or architect can provide you with a set
of plans to provide you with all the
information needed. If you are remodeling, measure the space carefully
and create a sketch of the
room. In the finished design you will show the locations of all
appliances, plumbing, electrical outlets,
light switches, windows and doors you wish to keep.
Step 2 - Measure your kitchen
all measurements should be in inches
- Begin in one corner, select a wall and measure
its length from corner to corner.
- Write the measurement on the corresponding wall on your sketch.
- Go to the next corner and measure the length of the next wall.
- Repeat steps 2 and 3 until all wall measurements are complete.
- Measure the height of the room. Write this dimension in the
Begin in the upper left corner of your drawing.
- Moving clockwise, number the windows until you reach the starting
- Repeat steps 1 and 2 for the doorways.
- Measure the width of the window. See note below. Write the dimension
on the drawing.
- Measure the height of the window. See note below. Write the dimension
in the table on
iithe drawing corresponding to the
- Move clockwise around the room measuring each window until you
reach the starting point.
- Repeat steps 5 and 6 for the doorways.
Note: The trim is considered part of the window or door. Measure
from the outside of the trim on
iione side to the outside of the
trim on the other side.
is a picture of a sample drawing:
3 - Locate Utilities
any existing plumbing and measure the distance from each wall
and floor. Repeat for electrical
outlets, light switches, lighting hookups, telephone jacks and
floor and wall vents.
E represents electrical outlets, SS represents a double light
switch and T represents a telephone
jack on the sample drawing.
Step 4 - Identify Appliances
you plan to keep any of your existing appliances, record the dimensions
of each and a location
where they are to be placed. Measure the distance from corners
to any appliance. Stop at the
outside of the appliance. Repeat around the entire room.
Step 5 - Construction details
heights, even in the same room, can vary. Measure ceiling heights
in 3 different places
throughout the room: Soffits typically contain electrical and
plumbing elements that may not be
able to be relocated. Measure and note soffit dimensions on your
location 1 __________ 2 __________ 3 __________
there a basement under the room? ______
the room have a soffit or bulkhead? ______
you plan to keep existing soffits or bulkheads? ______
the soffit or bulkhead include recessed lighting? ______
Step 6- Transferring your measurements
the outline of your room on the graph paper including any windows,
doors and doorways.
On doors make sure to indicate the direction the door swings.
Make sure to add the measurements
Each square equals inches. They can represent 3", 6"
or 12" each.
Step 7 - Create the ideal layout for your kitchen
you've accurately measured and drawn out your room dimensions,
you can begin laying out
the ideal floor plan for your new kitchen.
the "work triangle" will help the efficiency of your
design. Your basic work triangle
is an imaginary line drawn from the kitchen's three primary work
areas: food storage (refrigerator),
food preparation (stove) and clean-up (sink). Keep your work triangle
to a manageable size of 26
feet or less, which is the sum of the three legs of the work triangle.
Keep traffic flow out of the
work triangle if at all possible.
design tips for all kitchen layouts
Place the sink cabinets and appliances as close to the original
layout as possible.
Make sure doors open properly, appliances are unobstructed and
traffic flows easily through your kitchen.
Experiment with design. Consider substituting other cabinets --
or combination of cabinets -- of
the same dimension for some of your current cabinets.
U-shaped kitchen: a compact work triangle
kitchen is a very popular layout because of the compact work triangle
it creates. It contains
generous counter space and helps provide an efficient work flow.
The L-shaped kitchen: flexibility for large or small homes
flexible design of an L-shaped kitchen means that appliances can
be located in several different
areas. It's practical for families because it divides easily into
a kitchen and eating area. It's also ideal
for adding a dining or relaxation area or a kitchen island.
The G-shaped kitchen: lots of counter and cabinet space
G-shaped kitchen is very much like the U-shaped with the addition
of a cabinetry "leg". It contains
ample counter and storage space. Multiple cooks can easily function
in this layout. It's an ideal center
for entertaining guests.
The single wall kitchen: a simple layout for any home
single wall unit provides an open and airy layout, particularly
for apartments or smaller homes. A
moveable butcher's block floating island cabinet can be used away
from fixed counters to increase space.
The galley kitchen: ideal for small kitchens
galley kitchen is ideal for small kitchens with appliances in
close proximity to each other. A minimum
48" corridor width should be provided. This allows one cook
to easily maneuver and can be converted
into a U-shaped kitchen by closing off one end.
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